Goods made in Japan but exported from China, will the origin label show that the goods are of Japanese origin?

Q:The origin of goods is indicated by the country where the final stage of the goods is performed or the country of production ?

According to the provisions of Clause 1, Article 3 of Decree 31/2018/ND-CP:

1. “Origin of good” means a country, group of countries or territory where such good has been wholly obtained or where the last substantial transformation has been carried out when more than one country, group of countries or territory is concerned in the production of the good. “

So, The origin of a good is the country, group of countries or territory where such good has been wholly obtained or where the last substantial transformation has been carried out when more than one country, group of countries or territory is concerned in the production of the good . Thus, goods that are manufactured entirely in Japan, the origin of goods is Japan.If China participates in the final basic processing of goods in case more than one country, group of countries or territory is concerned in the production of the good, the origin of goods is China.

Q: Goods made in Japan but exported from China, will the origin label show that the goods are of Japanese origin?

According to the provisions of Clause 7, Article 1 of Decree 111/2021/ND-CP:

” Article 15. Origins of goods;

1. Manufacturers, exporters and importers shall determine and write on the labels the origins of goods truthfully, accurately, and conformably with law on origin of goods exported, imported and manufactured in Vietnam or international commitments to which Vietnam has acceded.

2. Origin of goods on the label shall be expressed as: “sản xuất tại” (“made in”); “chế tạo tại” (“manufactured in”); “nước sản xuất” (“country of origin”); “xuất xứ” (“country”); “sản xuất bởi” (“manufactured by”); “sản phẩm của” (“product of”) followed by the country’s name or region in which the goods are produced or presented in accordance with the regulations of the Law on origin of goods.

3. In case of unknown origin of goods in accordance with the regulations in Clause 1 of this Article, write the country in which the last stage of finishing the goods is performed. It shall be presented by one of the phrases or a combination of phrases in order to present the finishing stage of goods as follows: “lắp ráp tại”; “đóng chai tại”; “phối trộn tại”; “hoàn tất tại”; “đóng gói tại”; “dán nhãn tại” (“assembled in”, “bottled in”, “blended in”, “completed in”, “packed in”, “labeled in”) followed by the country’s name or region in which the last stage of finishing the goods is performed.

4. The country’s name or region in which the good is produced or from which the last stage of finishing the goods is performed shall not be abbreviated forms.

Accordingly, Manufacturers, exporters and importers shall determine and write on the labels the origins of goods truthfully, accurately, and conformably with law on origin of goods exported, imported and manufactured in Vietnam or international commitments to which Vietnam has acceded.

Thus, goods manufactured in Japan and exported by China will still be recorded on the label of goods of origin as Japan according to the above provisions.

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